Tuesday, October 20, 2015

Construction Log October: Springs before Winter

Just before winter arrives, the main facades are installed. It has been our biggest project yet with a total area of more than 150,000 sqm. It has been one of the more challenging ones, where our involvement stays literally skin deep only (being in charge of the facade and the interiors mainly) with late involvement of us into the project and little room to turn major design decisions prior to us around. 

However, the facade concept is executed very well and with great precision. The changing depth of the mullions and the illumination at night will work well once completed. And we are looking forward to the completion of the project end of 2017. 

Team: Ulrich Kirchhoff, Louise Low, Claudia Wigger, Jorge Benetirez, Matteo Biasiolo, Celine Clivaz, Agnieszka Drankowska, Isabella Ducoli, Eugenio Fontan, Sevan Spiess,  Jorge Gil Suarez, Satoshi Yamada, Yue Zhang

Executive Architect: CESCEC

© 2015, ice - ideas for contemporary environments

Monday, October 12, 2015

Transfer - Structural Transformations

Architects have lost autonomy over the entire domain of the building. What was once a holistic profession has transformed into specialisation. The architect's competence has been reduced to design and design management and substantial authority has been transferred to a consultancy model, which can involve easily five or more consultants per project. The architect remains the design manager, however he is not in charge of all aspects of the building planning stage any longer. What is a healthy process to some extend, opening room for more design focus and innovative experimentation, architects loose throughout this tendency the ability to grasp the basic concepts of structure, building services, quantifying, performance of the building. The tendency is reflected in the University already, where engineering education is marginalised. The March 2015 summer semester studio’s objective is to revisit structure as the experimental method and work with it as the main architectural design tool and explore the spatial potentials that lie within the relation of structure and program.

Architectural space and structure are symbiotic in a building. However, structure as the domain of engineers has lost its relevance as an imminent design tool for architects. In the contemporary production of architecture, structural models merely solve problems of the shape of architecture. The studio will revisit the spatial and design potentials of structure, becoming the driver of concept and space and the therein resulting spatial opportunities. We will chalenge the high rise typology and it’s predominant podium-tower configuration. The studio will specifically investigate the idea of structural transfer.

The studio was a single term research and design project. The project was a office tower at the University Campus, built over an existing heritage site. Due to the heritage status of the existing building, no new structure could touch the existing building. However, full air rights were granted. The program was framed in terms of two structurally opposing conditions: A generic mass program (office) and a specific site context, that cannot be invaded with structure. The proposed project was limited to a singular highrise structure of 100m. The purpose was to explore the structural transfer between the existing building and the proposed office program.

The project was organised in three steps:

+ Step1: Benchmark

Various models of structural transfers will be selected, analyzed and interpreted based on existing buildings.

+ Step 2: Conception

Based on different structural methods of transfer of step one, students will focus on one model and develop an architectural project, which transfers between two opposing programs.

+ Step 3: Production

The projects were developed as a model that were also used in terms of loading and stress tests.

The studio was linked and co-organized with a structural elective course for the MArch by Renato Garcia. Students took the two courses in parallel.

The design method focussed on the use of working models, which were be put through actual structural stress and loading tests through an architectural guillotine, designed by Donn Holohan. It was not expected that all material produced in the studio would survive the final presentation. However, most of the models showed significant deformations which were the basis for further testing and optimisation of the structural models.

MArch 2015 students: Olga Cech, Fung Tsz Chan, Cherie Leona Cheung, Liane Tian Nan Cheung, Cody Cot, Dhamani Salman, Heija Jiang, Cyril Yan Hing Yeung, Mandy Man Hoi Ng, Cheong Siu Ng, Tak Man Tang, Shan Yu Tang
Studio Supervisor: Ulrich Kirchhoff
Structural Supervisor: Prof. Renato Garcia
Model Supervisor: Donn Holohan

© 2015, ice - ideas for contemporary environments, The University of Hong Kong (HKU)


We have put our focus back to the territory of Hong Kong. Currently working on six projects, that vary in scale, scope and stage, we are glad to bring back our expertise to our home base. Being a smaller design firm, we are always picky about our selected projects, balancing the interest we have for the site and the business potential of the project. Together with our JV partner from L&N Architects, we have currently taken on small to tiny sites with highly complex site constraints, ranging from topographical challenges to construction challenges.

With our hotel project in Shenyang still ongoing, we have stopped bidding for China jobs for over a year now. It has been a slow process of change in the way architecture is done in the PRC. With the current reconfiguration of power in China, architecture is also subject to change.

Architecture being a small potato in the bigger context of things, it is however a visual representation of the willingness of the 'power' to express the ideological direction, it is willing to take. Throughout the last two years, we have been working with clients in China, who may or may not haven't been reached yet by this new agenda. Still they have been pushing us into design territories, we already could anticipate, will cause problems within a short period of time.

Even more, being a commercial firm from abroad, our projects were sooner or later to collide between the healthy and needed correction in the market of architecture and the still existing vanity of certain clients to pursue their dreams of iconography and spectacle.

Being back to Hong Kong is a healthy process of humbling down, dealing with the local regulations and high construction costs only, complying with mandatory requirements of sustainability and insurances and health care for co-workers and even us unrelated construction staff. Solutions have to be found within a holistic understanding of a building. We are architects after all and not designers of dreams any longer.

Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Construction Log October: Hong Kong

Its been a hard ride for the past year with a very steep learning curve. But construction has started on our first stand alone tower in Hong Kong. Completion is expected in 2017.

Team: Ulrich Kirchhoff, Louise Low, Claudia Wigger, Arthur Bel, Nico Millar, Travis Mok, Jeremy Son, Tiffany Chow Tung, Susanne Trumpf
Partnering Authorized Person: L&N Architects, Memphis Chao
Structural Engineer: Wong Cheng
RSE: Richmond

© 2015, ice - ideas for contemporary environments